Role of Insect and Mammal Glutathione Transferases in Chemoperception.
Membres identifiés du Cancéropôle Est :
Pr LIRUSSI Frédéric
Tous les auteurs :
Schwartz M, Boichot V, Fraichard S, Muradova M, Senet P, Nicolai A, Lirussi F, Bas M, Canon F, Heydel JM, Neiers F
Glutathione transferases (GSTs) are ubiquitous key enzymes with different activities as transferases or isomerases. As key detoxifying enzymes, GSTs are expressed in the chemosensory organs. They fulfill an essential protective role because the chemosensory organs are located in the main entry paths of exogenous compounds within the body. In addition to this protective function, they modulate the perception process by metabolizing exogenous molecules, including tastants and odorants. Chemosensory detection involves the interaction of chemosensory molecules with receptors. GST contributes to signal termination by metabolizing these molecules. By reducing the concentration of chemosensory molecules before receptor binding, GST modulates receptor activation and, therefore, the perception of these molecules. The balance of chemoperception by GSTs has been shown in insects as well as in mammals, although their chemosensory systems are not evolutionarily connected. This review will provide knowledge supporting the involvement of GSTs in chemoperception, describing their localization in these systems as well as their enzymatic capacity toward odorants, sapid molecules, and pheromones in insects and mammals. Their different roles in chemosensory organs will be discussed in light of the evolutionary advantage of the coupling of the detoxification system and chemosensory system through GSTs.
chemosensory organs, detoxification, evolution, flavor, glutathione transferase, insects, olfaction, taste
Biomolecules. 2023 02 8;13(2):