Medial fronto-facial capillary malformations.
Membres identifiés du Cancéropôle Est :
Pr VABRES Pierre
Tous les auteurs :
Sillard L, Leaute-Labreze C, Mazereeuw-Hautier J, Viseux V, Barbarot S, Vabres P, Bessis D, Martin L, Lorette G, Berthier F, Lacour JP
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the characteristics of facial medial capillary malformations (CM), which differ from salmon patches by their wider extent, darker color, and incomplete resolution. STUDY DESIGN: Children were prospectively recruited from pediatric dermatology clinics and retrospectively from clinical and photographic databases. RESULTS: From June 2006 to June 2008, 84 children (56 girls; 66.6%) were included. The medial fronto-FCM (FFCM) involved the forehead and glabella (100%), upper eyelids (57.1%), nose (66.6%), philtrum (50.0%), and upper lip (22.6%). Extended forms were observed in 26.2%. A similar FFCM was observed within the family in 27.3% of cases. Outcome data showed complete regression in 10%, incomplete in 71.1%, and unchanging in 18%. An association with an extra facial CM was found 67.8%. Nape and/or occipital CM were associated in 63.8%. A median dorsal CM, mostly lumbosacral, was observed in 13.4%. An associated disease was seen in 33.3%. Neurological anomalies were observed in 9.5% (two cases of developmental delay, two of epilepsy, one of macrocephaly, one of cerebral arteriovenous malformation, one of cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita, one of "macrocephaly- cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita," and one of Rubinstein Taybi syndrome). No correlation between the site or the extent of the FFCM and extrafacial vascular or neurological anomaly was found. CONCLUSIONS: This study identifies a specific type of congenital medial FFCM that looks like salmon patch but has a wider median topography, a darker color, with slower and often incomplete resolution. Family cases are often observed. Despite their slow and incomplete regression, the aesthetic consequences are mild.
J Pediatr. 2011 May;158(5):836-41