Systemic relapses of primary CNS lymphomas (PCNSL): a LOC network study.
Annals of hematology
Tous les auteurs :
Dufour J, Choquet S, Hoang-Xuan K, Schmitt A, Ahle G, Houot R, Taillandier L, Gressin R, Casasnovas O, Marolleau JP, Tamburini J, Serrier C, Perez E, Paillassa J, Gyan E, Chauchet A, Ursu R, Kas A, Soussain C, Houillier C
Primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSLs) classically remain confined within the CNS throughout their evolution for unknown reasons. Our objective was to analyse the rare extracerebral relapses of PCNSL in a nationwide population-based study. We retrospectively selected PCNSL patients who experienced extracerebral relapse during their follow-up from the French LOC database. Of the 1968 PCNSL included in the database from 2011, 30 (1.5%, median age 71 years, median KPS 70) presented an extracerebral relapse, either pure (n = 20) or mixed (both extracerebral and in the CNS) (n = 10), with a histological confirmation in 20 cases. The median delay between initial diagnosis and systemic relapse was 15.5 months [2-121 months]. We found visceral (n = 23, 77%), including testis in 5 (28%) men and breast in 3 (27%) women, lymph node (n = 12, 40%), and peripheral nervous system (PNS) (n = 7, 23%) involvement. Twenty-seven patients were treated with chemotherapy, either with only systemic targets (n = 7) or mixed systemic and CNS targets (n = 20), 4 were consolidated by HCT-ASCT. After systemic relapse, the median progression-free survival and overall survival (OS) were 7 and 12 months, respectively. KPS > 70 and pure systemic relapses were significantly associated with higher OS. Extracerebral PCNSL relapses are rare, mainly extranodal, and frequently involve the testis, breast, and PNS. The prognosis was worse in mixed relapses. Early relapses raise the question of misdiagnosed occult extracerebral lymphoma at diagnostic workup that should systematically include a PET-CT. Paired tumour analysis at diagnosis/relapse would provide a better understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms.
Aggressive non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, PNS relapses, Primary CNS lymphoma, Systemic relapses
Ann Hematol. 2023 03 29;: