Ibrutinib Associated with Rituximab-Platinum Salt-Based Immunochemotherapy in B-Cell Lymphomas: Results of a Phase 1b-II Study of the LYSA Group.
Membres identifiés du Cancéropôle Est :
Dr CASASNOVAS Olivier
Tous les auteurs :
Bonnet C, Dupuis J, Tilly H, Lamy T, Fruchart C, le Gouill S, Thieblemont C, Morschhauser F, Casasnovas O, Bouabdallah K, Ghesquieres H, Van Den Neste E, André M, Cartron G, Salles G
In the post-rituximab era, patients with relapsed/refractory non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphoma (R/R B-NHL) responding to a platinum salt-based salvage regimen can potentially be cured after intensification followed by autologous stem cell transplantation, with the quality of the response to salvage predicting survival. The Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor ibrutinib, given as monotherapy or combined with other molecules, has proven effective in numerous B-cell lymphomas. To evaluate the safety of the combination of ibrutinib, rituximab, dexamethasone, and cytarabine with either cisplatin (R-DHAP) or oxaliplatin (R-DHAOx), we conducted a multicenter Phase 1b-II study in transplant-eligible R/R B-NHL patients, with ibrutinib given using a 3-by-3 dose-escalation design. The combination of R-DHAP and ibrutinib (given from Day 1 to Day 21 of each cycle) was associated with dose-limiting hematological, infectious, and renal toxicities, while we were unable to reach a dose to recommend for Phase II. R-DHAOx could only be combined with a daily dosage of 280 mg ibrutinib when administered continuously. R-DHAP combined with intermittent ibrutinib administration (from Day 5 to Day 18) was found to be highly toxic. On the other hand, when this administration schedule was combined with R-DHAOx, ibrutinib dosing could be increased up to 560 mg but with relevant toxicities. Despite a strong rationale for combining ibrutinib and R-DHAP/R-DHAOx, as both target lymphoma B-cells by different mechanisms, this approach was limited by significant toxicities.
R-DHAOx, R-DHAP, ibrutinib, relapsed/refractory non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphoma, safety
Cancers (Basel). 2022 Mar 30;14(7):