A phase II study of the oral JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor ruxolitinib in advanced relapsed/refractory Hodgkin lymphoma.

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Date publication

mai 2018




Membres identifiés du Cancéropôle Est :

Tous les auteurs :
Van Den Neste E, André M, Gastinne T, Stamatoullas A, Haioun C, Belhabri A, Reman O, Casasnovas O, Ghesquieres H, Verhoef G, Claessen MJ, Poirel HA, Copin MC, Dubois R, Vandenberghe P, Stoian IA, Cottereau AS, Bailly S, Knoops L, Morschhauser F


JAK2 constitutive activation/overexpression is common in classical Hodgkin lymphoma, and several cytokines stimulate Hodgkin lymphoma cells by recognizing JAK1-/JAK2-bound receptors. JAK blockade may thus be therapeutically beneficial in Hodgkin lymphoma. In this phase II study we assessed the safety and efficacy of ruxolitinib, an oral JAK1/2 inhibitor, in patients with relapsed/refractory Hodgkin lymphoma. The primary objective was overall response rate according to the International Harmonization Project 2007 criteria. Thirty-three patients with advanced disease (median number of prior lines of treatment: 5; refractory: 82%) were included; nine (27.3%) received at least six cycles of ruxolitinib and six (18.2%) received more than six cycles. The overall response rate after six cycles was 9.4% (3/32 patients). All three responders had partial responses; another 11 patients had transient stable disease. Best overall response rate was 18.8% (6/32 patients). Rapid alleviation of B-symptoms was common. The median duration of response was 7.7 months, median progression-free survival 3.5 months (95% CI: 1.9-4.6), and the median overall survival 27.1 months (95% CI: 14.4-27.1). Forty adverse events were reported in 14/33 patients (42.4%). One event led to treatment discontinuation, while 87.5% of patients recovered without sequelae. Twenty-five adverse events were grade 3 or higher. These events were mostly anemia (n=11), all considered related to ruxolitinib. Other main causes of grade 3 or higher adverse events included lymphopenia and infections. Of note, no cases of grade 4 neutropenia or thrombocytopenia were observed. Ruxolitinib shows signs of activity, albeit short-lived, beyond a simple anti-inflammatory effect. Its limited toxicity suggests that it has the potential to be combined with other therapeutic modalities. .


Haematologica. 2018 May;103(5):840-848