Grazoprevir plus elbasvir in HCV genotype-1 or -4 infected patients with stage 4/5 severe chronic kidney disease is safe and effective.
Membres identifiés du Cancéropôle Est :
Dr MINELLO Anne
Tous les auteurs :
Alric L, Ollivier-Hourmand I, Bérard E, Hillaire S, Guillaume M, Vallet-Pichard A, Bernard-Chabert B, Loustaud-Ratti V, Bourlière M, de Ledinghen V, Fouchard-Hubert I, Canva V, Minello A, Nguyen-Khac E, Leroy V, Saadoun D, Trias D, Pol S, Kamar N
Patients with advanced chronic kidney disease who receive direct-acting antiviral drugs require special consideration regarding comorbid conditions. Here we assessed the efficacy and safety of grazoprevir plus elbasvir in 93 patients infected with HCV genotype 1 or 4 and with advanced chronic kidney disease in a non-randomized, multicenter, nationwide observational survey. Twenty patients with HCV genotype 1a, 51 patients with 1b, four unclassified genotype 1, 17 with genotype 4 and one with genotype 6 received grazoprevir plus elbasvir (100/50 mg) once daily. All patients had severe chronic kidney disease with 70 patients stage G5, including patients on hemodialysis (74.2%), and 23 were stage G4 chronic kidney disease. Severe liver disease (Metavir F3/F4) was found in 33 patients. A sustained virologic response 12 weeks after the end of therapy was achieved in 87 of 90 patients. Two patients had a virologic breakthrough and one had a relapse after treatment withdrawal. Most patients received many concomitant medications (mean 7.7) related to comorbid conditions. Serious adverse events occurred in six patients, including three deaths while on grazoprevir plus elbasvir, not related to this therapy. Thus, once-daily grazoprevir plus elbasvir was highly effective with a low rate of adverse events in this advanced chronic kidney disease difficult-to-treat population with an HCV genotype 1 or 4 infection.
DAA, HCV, chronic kidney disease, elbasvir, grazoprevir, hemodialysis
Kidney Int.. 2018 May 5;: