Association of p53 gene alterations with the expression of antiapoptotic survivin splice variants in breast cancer.

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Date publication

janvier 2007


Membres identifiés du Cancéropôle Est :

Tous les auteurs :
Vegran F, Boidot R, Oudin C, Defrain C, Rebucci M, Lizard-Nacol S


Survivin, a member of the inhibitory apoptosis protein family, gives rise, by an alternative splicing, to four variants with different functions. Many experimental studies indicate that p53 can regulate the expression of survivin and some of its splice variants. Although both the expression of survivin splice variants and the p53 gene were frequently altered in human cancers, nothing is known about their interactions in in vivo tumour samples. Here, we report that, in 162 breast carcinomas, p53 mutations are significantly associated with an increased expression of survivin and, in particular, its antiapoptotic splice variants (survivin-DeltaEx3 and survivin-3B). The upregulation of these variant expressions is particularly related to p53 mutations occurring in the residues belonging to the tetramerization domain. The loss of heterozygosity in the p53 gene is also associated with an increased expression of the survivin-DeltaEx3 variant. The expression of the proapoptotic variants (survivin-2B and survivin-2alpha) is not affected by any of these alterations. Our results provide for the first time in vivo evidence that, in human breast cancer, the survivin expression as well as its splicing depends on the p53 status. The results also suggest that the upregulation of antiapoptotic survivin variant expression by the mutant p53 may increase breast cancer cells survival and resistance to therapy.


Oncogene. 2007 Jan 11;26(2):290-7