Exploring the potential role of disease-causing mutation in a gene desert: duplication of noncoding elements 5' of GRIA3 is associated with GRIA3 silencing and X-linked intellectual disability.

Fiche publication

Date publication

février 2012


Membres identifiés du Cancéropôle Est :
Pr CALLIER Patrick, Pr PHILIPPE Christophe

Tous les auteurs :
Bonnet C, Masurel-Paulet A, Khan AA, Beri-Dexheimer M, Callier P, Mugneret F, Philippe C, Thauvin-Robinet C, Faivre L, Jonveaux P


GRIA3 encodes glutamate receptor ionotropic AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid) subunit 3 and has been previously involved in X-linked intellectual disability (ID). We report on a male proband with ID and epilepsy associated with a duplication mapping within a gene desert, 874-kb upstream of the GRIA3 gene. This 970-kb duplication is maternally inherited. The proband's mother has a skewed X chromosome-inactivation pattern in agreement with her normal cognitive function. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis indicates absence of GRIA3 mRNA in the proband lymphocytes relative to a wild-type control. Centromeric to the duplicated region, comparative genomic analysis showed a 2268-bp evolutionarily conserved region that could be a critical transcription factor binding-site for GRIA3 expression. The repositioning of distant-acting sequences, rather a missense/nonsense mutation, is considered to be causative for GRIA3-linked ID. This study illustrates the importance of high-resolution array-Comparative Genomic Hybridization analysis in exploring the potential role of disease-causing mutation in functional noncoding sequences.


Hum Mutat. 2012 Feb;33(2):355-8