Homozygous Truncating Intragenic Duplication in TUSC3 Responsible for Rare Autosomal Recessive Nonsyndromic Intellectual Disability with No Clinical or Biochemical Metabolic Markers.

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Date publication

janvier 2015


Membres identifiés du Cancéropôle Est :
Pr CALLIER Patrick

Tous les auteurs :
El Chehadeh S, Bonnet C, Callier P, Beri M, Dupre T, Payet M, Ragon C, Mosca-Boidron AL, Marle N, Mugneret F, Masurel-Paulet A, Thevenon J, Seta N, Duplomb L, Jonveaux P, Faivre L, Thauvin-Robinet C


Intellectual disability (ID), which affects around 2-3% of the general population, is classically divided into syndromic and nonsyndromic forms, with several modes of inheritance. Nonsyndromic autosomal recessive ID (NS-ARID) appears extremely heterogeneous with numerous genes identified to date, including inborn errors of metabolism. The TUSC3 gene encodes a subunit of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-bound oligosaccharyltransferase complex, which mediates a key step of N-glycosylation. To date, only five families with NS-ARID and TUSC3 mutations or rearrangements have been reported in the literature. All patients had speech delay, moderate-to-severe ID, and moderate facial dysmorphism. Microcephaly was noted in one third of patients, as was short stature. No patients had congenital malformation except one patient with unilateral cryptorchidism. Glycosylation analyses of patients' fibroblasts showed normal N-glycan synthesis and transfer. We present a review of the 19 patients previously described in the literature and report on a sixth consanguineous family including two affected sibs, with intellectual disability, unspecific dysmorphic features, and no additional malformations identified by high-resolution array-CGH. A homozygous truncating intragenic duplication of the TUSC3 gene leading to an aberrant transcript was detected in two siblings. This observation, which is the first reported case of TUSC3 homozygous duplication, confirms the implication of TUSC3 in NS-ARID and the power of the high-resolution array-CGH in identifying intragenic rearrangements of genes implicated in nonsyndromic ID and rare diseases.


JIMD Rep. 2015;20:45-55