A standard of care for individuals with PIK3CA-related disorders: an international expert consensus statement.
Tous les auteurs :
Douzgou S, Rawson M, Baselga E, Danielpour M, Faivre L, Kashanian A, Keppler-Noreuil KM, Kuentz P, Mancini GMS, Maniere MC, Martinez-Glez V, Parker VE, Semple RK, Srivastava S, Vabres P, de Wit MY, Graham JM, Clayton-Smith J, Mirzaa GM, Biesecker LG
Growth promoting variants in PIK3CA cause a spectrum of developmental disorders, depending on the developmental timing of the mutation and tissues involved. These phenotypically heterogeneous entities have been grouped as PIK3CA-Related Overgrowth Spectrum disorders (PROS). Deep sequencing technologies have facilitated detection of low-level mosaic, often necessitating testing of tissues other than blood. Since clinical management practices vary considerably among healthcare professionals and services across different countries, a consensus on management guidelines is needed. Clinical heterogeneity within this spectrum leads to challenges in establishing management recommendations, which must be based on patient-specific considerations. Moreover, as most of these conditions are rare, affected families may lack access to the medical expertise that is needed to help address the multi-system and often complex medical issues seen with PROS. In March 2019, macrocephaly-capillary malformation (M-CM) patient organizations hosted an expert meeting in Manchester, United Kingdom, to help address these challenges with regards to M-CM syndrome. We have expanded the scope of this project to cover PROS and developed this consensus statement on the preferred approach for managing affected individuals based on our current knowledge.
PIK3CA-related overgrowth spectrum, clinical management, expert consensus, mosaic
Clin Genet. 2021 Jul 8;: