Obinutuzumab plus lenalidomide (GALEN) in advanced, previously untreated follicular lymphoma in need of systemic therapy.

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décembre 2021




Membres identifiés du Cancéropôle Est :

Tous les auteurs :
Bachy E, Houot R, Feugier P, Bouabdallah K, Bouabdallah R, Nicolas-Virelizier E, Maerevoet MMF, Fruchart C, Snauwaert S, Le Gouill S, Marolleau JP, Molina L, Moluçon Chabrot C, Thieblemont C, Tilly H, Bijou F, Haioun C, Van Den Neste EW, Fabiani B, Meignan M, Cartron G, Salles GA, Casasnovas RO, Morschhauser F


Obinutuzumab and lenalidomide (GALEN) is an active immunomodulatory combination with a manageable safety profile in multiple types of lymphoma. We report efficacy and safety results for the phase 2 GALEN study in previously-untreated patients with advanced follicular lymphoma (FL). Eligible patients aged ≥ 18 years had ECOG PS ≤ 2, high-tumor burden, grade 1-3a FL. Induction treatment was obinutuzumab (1000 mg IV, days 8/15/22, cycle 1; day 1, cycles 2-6) plus lenalidomide (20 mg/day, days 1-21, cycle 1; days 2-22, cycles 2-6) for 6 cycles. Maintenance included obinutuzumab (1000 mg every 2 cycles) plus lenalidomide (10 mg, days 2-22) for ≤ 12 cycles (year 1) followed by obinutuzumab (1000 mg every 56 days) for 6 cycles (year 2). The primary endpoint was complete response rate (CRR) after induction per IWG 1999 criteria. From October 2015 to February 2017, 100 patients were enrolled. CRR after induction was 47% and overall response rate (ORR) 92%. Post-hoc analyses per 2014 Lugano classification including patients with missing bone marrow assessments identified an additional 13 patients fulfilling CRR criteria, resulting in a complete metabolic response of 80% and ORR of 94%. At a median follow-up of 3.7 years, 3-year progression-free and overall survival were 82% and 94%, respectively. The most common adverse event was neutropenia (48% any-grade; 47% grade ≥ 3) but only 2% of patients presented febrile neutropenia; others were mainly grade ≤ 2. No other specific grade ≥3 toxicity occurred at a frequency higher than 3%. Overall, these results demonstrated promising clinical efficacy for the chemo-free backbone obinutuzumab and lenalidomide in previously untreated, high tumor burden FL patients. Except for neutropenia, the safety profile of the combination is remarkable. The study was registered with, number NCT01582776.


Blood. 2021 Dec 22;: