Prospective study of the evolution of blood lymphoid immune parameters during dacarbazine chemotherapy in metastatic and locally advanced melanoma patients.

Fiche publication

Date publication

janvier 2014


Membres identifiés du Cancéropôle Est :
Dr DALAC Sophie, Pr GHIRINGHELLI François, Pr VABRES Pierre

Tous les auteurs :
Mignot G, Hervieu A, Vabres P, Dalac S, Jeudy G, Bel B, Apetoh L, Ghiringhelli F


BACKGROUND: The importance of immune responses in the control of melanoma growth is well known. However, the implication of these antitumor immune responses in the efficacy of dacarbazine, a cytotoxic drug classically used in the treatment of melanoma, remains poorly understood in humans. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, we performed an immunomonitoring of eleven metastatic or locally advanced patients treated with dacarbazine as a first line of treatment. We assessed by flow cytometry lymphoid populations and their activation state; we also isolated NK cells to perform in vitro cytotoxicity tests. RESULTS: We found that chemotherapy induces lymphopenia and that a significantly higher numbers of naive CD4+ T cells and lower proportion of Treg before chemotherapy are associated with disease control after dacarbazine treatment. Interestingly, NK cell cytotoxicity against dacarbazine-pretreated melanoma cells is only observed in NK cells from patients who achieved disease control. CONCLUSION: Together, our data pinpoint that some immune factors could help to predict the response of melanoma patients to dacarbazine. Future larger scale studies are warranted to test their validity as prediction markers.


PLoS One. 2014 Aug 29;9(8):e105907