Lenalidomide Maintenance Compared With Placebo in Responding Elderly Patients With Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Treated With First-Line Rituximab Plus Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, and Prednisone.

Fiche publication

Date publication

avril 2017


Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology


Membres identifiés du Cancéropôle Est :

Tous les auteurs :
Thieblemont C, Tilly H, Gomes da Silva M, Casasnovas RO, Fruchart C, Morschhauser F, Haioun C, Lazarovici J, Grosicka A, Perrot A, Trotman J, Sebban C, Caballero D, Greil R, van Eygen K, Cohen AM, Gonzalez H, Bouabdallah R, Oberic L, Corront B, Choufi B, Lopez-Guillermo A, Catalano J, Van Hoof A, Briere J, Cabeçadas J, Salles G, Gaulard P, Bosly A, Coiffier B


Purpose The standard treatment of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is rituximab in combination with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP). Lenalidomide, an immunomodulatory agent, has shown activity in DLBCL. This randomized phase III trial compared lenalidomide as maintenance therapy with placebo in elderly patients with DLBCL who achieved a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) to R-CHOP induction. Methods Patients with previously untreated DLBCL or other aggressive B-cell lymphoma were 60 to 80 years old, had CR or PR after six or eight cycles of R-CHOP, and were randomly assigned to lenalidomide maintenance 25 mg/d or placebo for 21 days of every 28-day cycle for 24 months. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Results A total of 650 patients were randomly assigned. At the time of the primary analysis (December 2015), with a median follow-up of 39 months from random assignment, median PFS was not reached for lenalidomide maintenance versus 58.9 months for placebo (hazard ratio, 0.708; 95% CI, 0.537 to 0.933; P = .01). The result was consistent among analyzed subgroups (eg, male v female, age-adjusted International Prognostic Index 0 or 1 v 2 or 3, age younger than 70 v ≥ 70 years), response (PR v CR) after R-CHOP, and positron emission tomography status at assignment (negative v positive). With longer median follow-up of 52 months (October 2016), overall survival was similar between arms (hazard ratio, 1.218; 95% CI, 0.861 to 1.721; P = .26). Most common grade 3 or 4 adverse events associated with lenalidomide versus placebo maintenance were neutropenia (56% v 22%) and cutaneous reactions (5% v 1%), respectively. Conclusion Lenalidomide maintenance for 24 months after obtaining a CR or PR to R-CHOP significantly prolonged PFS in elderly patients with DLBCL.

Mots clés

Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived, administration & dosage, Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols, administration & dosage, Cyclophosphamide, administration & dosage, Disease-Free Survival, Doxorubicin, administration & dosage, Drug Eruptions, etiology, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Induction Chemotherapy, Lenalidomide, Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse, drug therapy, Maintenance Chemotherapy, adverse effects, Male, Middle Aged, Neutropenia, chemically induced, Placebos, administration & dosage, Prednisone, administration & dosage, Rituximab, administration & dosage, Survival Rate, Thalidomide, administration & dosage, Vincristine, administration & dosage


J. Clin. Oncol.. 2017 Apr;:JCO2017726984